Topics for this year in 5th Grade Science will include the following:
Introduction to Science - Scientific Method, Safety, and Tools
Life Science From Molecules to Organisms: Structure and Processes - Support an argument that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from the air and water Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy and Dynamics - Develop a model to describe the movement of matter amongplants, animals, decomposers, and the environment - Use models to describe that energy in animals’ food (used for body repair, growth, motion, and to maintain warmth) was once energy from the sun.
Physical Science Matter and its Interactions - Develop a model to describe that matter is made of particlestoo small to be seen - Measure and graph quantities to provide evidence that regardless of the type of change that occurs when heating cooling, or mixing substances, the total weight of the matter conserved - Make observations and measurements to identify materials based on their properties - Conduct an investigation to determine whether the mixing oftwo or more substances result in a new substance Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions - Support an argument that the gravitational force exerted by Earth on objects is directed down
Earth-Space Science Earth's Place in the Universe - Support an argument that the apparent brightness of the sun and stars is due to their relative distancefrom the Earth - Represent data in graphical displays to reveal patterns of daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of the night sky Earth's Systems - Develop a model using an example to describe ways thengeosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere and/or atmosphere interact - Describe and graph the amounts and percentages of water and fresh water in various reservoirs to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth - Obtain and combine information about ways individual communities use science ideas to protect the Earth’s resources and environment
Engineering Design - Define a simple design problem reflecting a need or a want that includes specified criteria for success and constraints on materials, time, or cost - Generate and compare multiple possible solutions to a problem based on how well each is likely to meet the criteria and constraints of the problem - Plan and carry out fair tests in which variables are controlled and failure points are considered to identify aspects of a model or prototype that can be improved